Brexit is short for "British exit" and describes the UK's scheduled departure from the European Union. AFTER years of wrangling over Brexit, a trade deal has finally been struck between Britain and the EU. But the UK government has said the direct jurisdiction of the ECJ in Britain will come to an end. Live UK Politics. One place where the ECJ will still play a role is Northern Ireland, which has a special status under the terms of the Brexit withdrawal agreement. © 2021 BBC. Many Brexit-supporting members of parliament oppose the backstop because they think the EU would seek to keep the UK permanently within the customs union, which they want to leave in order to strike independent free trade deals outside the EU, something countries cannot do inside the customs union. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Answer: UK nationals will need a visa if they want to stay in the EU more than 90 days in a 180-day period. Charles McQuillan / Getty But it appears increasingly likely that the UK will need to delay its departure date beyond March. The deal is based on a new Brexit plan Boris Johnson sent the … EHICs which will remain valid until they expire. It would also have a significant impact on supply chains, which describes the process of commodities like cars being made and assembled. That will make it harder for UK citizens supplying any kind of service to work in the EU. How will the deal actually be enforced if either side breaks any of the terms and conditions? Senior officials in Brussels and London have come up with a … The team will continue to read through the text of the agreement and will add more to this story if necessary. That process often relies on the instant movement of different parts across EU member states. countries. If this deal fails, then the options are still no-deal Brexit, or no Brexit. Ambassadors from the 27 remaining member states have unanimously approved the provisional post-Brexit free trade deal … Brexit trade deal 'will take time to settle down,' senior advisor says. What will the rules on fair competition look like, to ensure that businesses on one side don't gain an unfair advantage over their competitors on the other? The purpose of the transition period is for the UK and EU to agree upon the full terms of their future trading relationship and to strike a free-trade deal. There also remains a slim chance that there will be a second referendum which prevents Brexit taking place. If there is no agreement after months of … The political declaration is a much shorter document which sets out aspirations for the future UK-EU relationship in areas like trade and security. If the UK chooses to move away more radically from EU rules in the future, how quickly can the EU respond? While a sizeable group of MPs support the idea, most are opposed to it and Theresa May has repeatedly ruled out the prospect, suggesting it would be a "betrayal of democracy.". The UK voted to leave the EU in a 2016 referendum by a margin of 52% to 48%. But if that didn't happen, then the backstop would kick in. That is different from the EU system which assesses the likely impact of subsidies before they are handed out. EU pet passports will no longer be valid, but people will still be able to travel with pets, following a different and a more complicated process. The deal would hand the UK a 20-month "transition period" under which the UK effectively retains its EU membership for 20 months despite having left formally. Pro-Brexit lawmakers got many of their wishes. Currently, Northern Ireland and Ireland are EU members which means they are part of a so-called customs union which means there are no checks on goods and people passing between their borders. That is a measure in the Withdrawal Agreement designed to ensure no new border checks arise between Ireland and Northern Ireland when the latter leaves the EU. A no-deal scenario would have brought tariffs on British fishing companies, which currently sell much of their catch in E.U. What is the Brexit deal? Yes, Brexit is still going ahead. Our Brexit Insider Facebook group is the best place for up-to-date news and analysis about Britain’s departure from the EU, direct from Business Insider’s political reporters. So what kind of access will they have, and how will security co-operation work in the future? The deal is accompanied by a “political declaration” outlining (non-binding) ambitions for the future UK/EU relationship. The deal contains new rules for how the UK and EU will live, work and trade together. However, there is a growing belief that Brexit will be delayed by at least a few months. Some MPs and many people who voted to remain in the EU are campaigning for a second referendum, arguing that the public could not be fully informed on Brexit before negotiations had concluded. We already know some of the details but will there be any additional agreements on things like social security or vehicle insurance? And in some cases, such as access to data on which flights people take, that data will only be made available under much stricter conditions. Getty UK Parliament / Jessica Taylor Here are 10 initial questions and answers: One of the most difficult issues in the negotiations: how many fish will EU boats be able to catch in UK waters in future, and how long will any transition period last before new measures come into full force? The 'Brexit deal' is an international treaty that makes it legal for the UK to leave the EU. The deal avoided the worst-case scenario — a dreaded “no deal” Brexit and attendant border chaos — but will bring few, if any, immediate and visible benefits. That was a clear British red line. Its advice is to take out travel insurance with healthcare cover before going on holiday - especially if you have a pre-existing medical condition. And will there be any detail on any arrangement to replace the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)? That is because the Prime Minister has been unable to secure majority support for her Brexit deal in the UK parliament, meaning it can't pass into law. In future, if you want to sell your product in both the UK and the EU, you may have to get it checked twice to get it certified. The return to a hard border in Ireland would be very dangerous because border posts were a focal point for dissident terrorist activity during the so-called Troubles. There's something called "mutual recognition of conformity assessment" which would mean checks on products standards would not need to be nearly as intrusive as they otherwise might be. The Brexit deal has a lot more to say on the subject of trade – hardly surprising since it is a trade agreement. What will the data protection rules be for UK companies which deal with data from the EU? But will UK professional qualifications be recognised across the EU in the future, and what restrictions will there be? Is there going to be a separate statement from the EU which will recognise UK rules governing financial services as roughly "equivalent" to EU rules? It is based around a "rebalancing" clause which gives both the EU and the UK the right to take steps if there are significant divergences. What will the rules be for British people who want to travel to the EU from 1 January 2021? being charged for using their phone in the EU, will not need an International Driver's Permit to drive in the EU. Brexit deal failure will lead to ‘national emergency’, warns CBI chief. The EU's highest court will remain the ultimate arbiter of European law. Many MPs who opposed the deal were opposed specifically to the Irish backstop. But taken together, the speed with which the UK gets important data, and the influence it has on decisions, has been reduced. The trade agreement is primarily about the rules for goods crossing borders. If it decides to exclude EU fishing boats they can be compensated for their losses, either through tariffs on UK fishing products (or other goods) exported to the EU, or by preventing UK boats from fishing in EU waters. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. There is an agreement to continue talking about financial services regulation in the future, but some companies may have to apply to specific EU countries to be allowed to operate there. They will often have to apply to individual countries to try to get their qualifications accepted, with no guarantee of success. as well as other partner offers and accept our, Brexit will be delayed by at least a few months. The House of Commons rejected Theresa May's Brexit deal by 432 votes to 202 on January 15 — the biggest government defeat in UK history. But they will need to carry a green card to prove they have the right vehicle insurance. The UK has also agreed to stick to common principles on how state aid regimes work, and to an independent competition agency which will assess them. The UK government says they will be replaced by a new UK Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC), but there are no further details yet on how to obtain it. Again, the UK is hoping the EU will issue separately what's known as a data adequacy decision recognising UK rules as equivalent to its own. And the two sides will have to continue to talk about how to implement it most effectively. On customs, both sides agreed to a remarkable balancing act: Northern Ireland will officially be part of the U.K.'s customs territory, meaning that it applies U.K. tariffs and can participate in future British trade deals, but at the same time the EU-U.K. customs border is placed in the Irish Sea, meaning that de facto Northern Ireland follows the EU's customs rules. The Government has no mandate for either, and nor does either option command a majority in Parliament. Who has given more ground? since, “No Rules Rules: Netflix and the Culture of Reinvention”. What happens to your body in extreme heat? Brexit is an abbreviation for "British exit," referring to the UK's decision in a June 23, 2016 referendum to leave the European Union (EU) . Growing concern over Brazil coronavirus variant, Inside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion. But overall, security co-operation will no longer be based on "real time" access. When does Brexit happen? Brexit deal explained: What is at stake for the UK and European Union After it formally exited the European Union on January 31 this year, the United Kingdom entered a 11-month transition period during which it continued to follow EU rules. … A lot of people, from accountants to chefs, work in different EU countries and didn't have to worry about crossing borders multiple times while the UK was part of the EU. That is exactly two years after UK prime minister Theresa May triggered Article 50, the legal mechanism by which a member state gives its notice of departure. It's not just about trade. By Chris MorrisReality Check correspondent, BBC News. But the detail will need to be scrutinised carefully. It means that even though this is a tariff-free agreement, the threat that tariffs can be introduced as a result of future disputes will be a constant factor in UK-EU relations. What claims do you want BBC Reality Check to investigate? There is a reasonably high level of support for the idea of the UK leaving without a deal in March. Getty VideoInside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion. Answer: If either side moves away from common standards that exist on 31 December 2020, and if that has a negative impact on the other side, a dispute mechanism can be triggered which could mean tariffs (taxes on goods) being imposed. So what is it? It is a mechanism we may hear a lot more about in the coming years. BREXIT deal progress culminated in a deal last Thursday when Boris Johnson delivered a "present" to Brits in the form of a nearly 2,000-word document outlining future trade … .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}A post-Brexit agreement on trade and other issues has been agreed, just a week before the transition period between the UK and the EU comes to an end. That would mean the UK stayed in the EU customs union, while Northern Ireland stayed in parts of the EU single market, ensuring no new checks needed to be placed on goods passing between the Irish border. Brexit is short for "British exit" and describes the UK's scheduled departure from the European Union. They don't have to be identical in the future, so the UK does not have to follow EU law, but they do have to be seen to protect fair competition. Where it was the president who banned social media, The men vying to take Merkel's top job in Germany, BBC Worklife: The women running companies in 1870BC, Wikipedia at 20: The encyclopedia in five articles. There will however be some measures which cut technical barriers to trade, and the mutual recognition of trusted trader schemes which will make it easier for large companies to operate across borders. North Korea unveils new submarine-launched missile, Pressure and propaganda - the reality of reporting Xinjiang, The 69-year-old trolled for her 'too sexy' photos, Rise and fall of the Spanish state's secret fixer, .css-1snjdh1-IconContainer{display:none;height:0.875em;width:0.875em;vertical-align:-0.0625em;margin-right:0.25em;}Inside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion. This is a really important issue. Read about our approach to external linking. It will say far less about the trade in services. Squawk Box Europe. It's just one reminder of how many new barriers to trade there are going to be. This clause is much stricter than measures found in other recent EU trade deals, and was a key demand on the European side. Start your mornings with 10 Things in Politics You Need to Know Today. There is a framework in the deal for the UK and EU to agree on mutually recognising individual qualifications but that's weaker than what professionals have now. A no-deal Brexit will result in tariffs on EU-U.K. trade and extensive new regulations affecting the cost and availability of good and services. It contains two parts: the withdrawal agreement and the political declaration. Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson has placed 3,500 troops on standby to cope with the consequences of such an outcome, while the Police Federation has warned of "widescale disruption and dangers for the general public" due to rioting and a rise in crime. Running to 585 pages, it covers three main areas: 1. The most important part of the agreement is that both sides … Sign up here. Weekly quiz: What's the Sex and the City reboot called? What Is in the New Brexit Deal? This will be the subject of years of negotiations to come. It consists of the 585-page Withdrawal Agreement that Theresa May agreed between the UK and EU - … Answer: The UK loses access to some very key databases but will have continued access to others, including the system which cross-checks fingerprints across the continent. Why can't the UK just leave? Sterling set for volatile week as Theresa May faces Brexit deal defeat. But will the two sides agree any measures to make things a little easier? The biggest thing to come out of the deal is that Britain will not have to end the Brexit transition period at the end of the month on World Trade Organisation (WTO) terms which would have meant tariffs for goods entering and leaving the country. It avoids the disruption of a no-deal Brexit in the middle of the Covid pandemic, and marks a new era after more than 40 years of UK membership of the European Union. Video, Inside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion, NYC bendy bus left drooping from overpass, Joe the pigeon spared after leg tag found to be fake, Nazi camp no place for sledging, authorities warn, Indonesia searches rubble for earthquake survivors, Biden unveils $1.9tn US economic relief package, Fake news 'causing UK South Asians to reject jab', Australia to kill US pigeon that crossed Pacific, Trump takes final swipes at China's big companies. LONDON — The UK's attempt to negotiate its departure from the European Union has dominated British politics for two years. The cut will be phased in over a transition period lasting five-and-a-half years - which is a lot shorter than the EU initially asked for. The UK and the EU’s newly-minted trade pact will shape their relationship for years, if not generations, to come. In return for this arrangement, the UK has committed to paying £39 billion to the EU budget, the same amount as if it had retained membership. The UK will now have access to its biggest export market without such levies being imposed. Brexit deal: What happens next and what will change on January 1? Getty Answer: The short answer is no - they won't be recognised automatically. The two sides agreed to co-operate on international mobile roaming, but there is nothing in the agreement that would stop UK travellers being charged for using their phone in the EU and vice versa. Officials in the UK are hopeful that technological solutions can be created which remove the need for border checks even if it was not in the EU customs union. Subscriber A no-deal Brexit would make the country 9.3% poorer after 15 years than if it had retained EU membership, according to the government's own economic forecasts. Officials involved in the negotiations say the UK initially wanted an 80% cut in the value of the fish caught by EU boats in UK waters, while the EU initially proposed an 18% cut. In … That's why an EU decision to recognise formally that UK data rules are roughly the same as its own is so important - and we're still waiting for that. In the meantime the EU has agreed to a "specified period" of four months, extendable by a further two months, in which data can be exchanged in the same way it is now, as long as the UK makes no changes to its rules on data protection. Business News. Get it now on Libro.fm using the button below. But business leaders and experts have warned it would be highly disruptive and eye-wateringly damaging for the economy. The overall policing of the trade agreement also means that tariffs can be targeted at a specific sector as a result of a dispute in another. .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}The 69-year-old trolled for her 'too sexy' photos.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, NYC bendy bus left drooping from overpass2, North Korea unveils new submarine-launched missile3, Joe the pigeon spared after leg tag found to be fake4, Nazi camp no place for sledging, authorities warn5, Indonesia searches rubble for earthquake survivors6, Biden unveils $1.9tn US economic relief package7, Fake news 'causing UK South Asians to reject jab'8, Australia to kill US pigeon that crossed Pacific9, Trump takes final swipes at China's big companies10. Answer: Both sides say they want data to flow across borders as smoothly as possible, but the agreement also stresses that individuals have a right to the protection of personal data and privacy and that "high standards in this regard contribute to trust in the digital economy and to the development of trade". However, if Northern Ireland was outside the EU, both countries would by default be required to check goods and people passing between them. Think of it as the separation agreement between the UK and the EU. Answer: The EU has dropped its demand that the ECJ should play a direct role in policing the governance of the agreement in future. But it can choose to develop a system which only makes decisions once evidence of unfair competition is presented. A Brexit deal has been done - this is what happens next And the EU never abandoned its insistence on a "level playing field", despite Boris Johnson’s repeated assertions he was having none of it. Getty It’s not binding but anticipates a trading relationship on goods that is “as close as possible”, with “ambitious customs arrangements”. Why was the Brexit vote lost? They also oppose the backstop because Northern Ireland remaining in parts of the EU single market would mean there would need to be some checks on goods passing between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK, which they say would undermine the integrity of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland’s border controls and its ability to make trade rules are among the central issues covered in the latest agreement between the E.U. Answer: There's no agreement on conformity assessment, even though the UK government had hoped there would be. European law on the terms and conditions reasonable levels of state aid, or government subsidies for,! On WTO terms after Brexit longer be based on `` real time '' access know there will important. On March 29, 2019 which sets out aspirations for the future relationship the... 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