Afghanistan AFRICA Albania Algeria Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba ASIA Australia Australia/New Zealand Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan … H. N. Nelson, 'Cleland, Sir Donald Mackinnon (1901–1975)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 13, Melbourne University Press, 1993, pp 440–441. Bully Beef Club. The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945. They had not progressed to any country on the southern watershed through which the early explorers and prospectors travelled to the Hagan Range and Wabag. New Guinea’s western half comprises the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua and its eastern half comprises the major part of Papua New Guinea, an independent country since 1975. In 1914 when the First World War broke out Australia seized the German colony. 2008 December - Former rebel James Tanis elected autonomous president of Bougainville. Plane overloaded with cocaine crashed on take-off. Papua New Guinea politics has descended into fresh chaos, with the supreme court throwing out the country’s budget and demanding parliament return to work. [citation needed], From February to March 2018, a chain of earthquakes hit Papua New Guinea, causing various damages. The government and rebels negotiated a peace agreement that established the Bougainville Autonomous District and Province. At the end of the book, Bob recalled his last night in Papua New Guinea, terrified for his life, his wife and toddler daughter asleep while he stood guard at the window, a gun stowed nearby. New Guinea was basically a business venture. The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945. Weekly quiz: What's the Sex and the City reboot called? But nothing of note has been reported: So we did not leave much behind, it seems. The Allies then went onto the offensive. 2011 August - Parliament elects Peter O'Neill as acting prime minister, replacing acting prime minister Sam Abal, who takes legal action against the move. Sweet-potato farming, Southern Highlands province, Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, just north of Australia, and many outlying islands. In 1884, the German Empire formally took possession of the northeast quarter of the island and put its administration in the hands of a chartered trading company formed for the purpose, the German New Guinea Company. 1971 July - Renamed Papua New Guinea (PNG). There was little economic activity in Papua. Sometimes daytime temperatures reach +40 °C (104 °F). He was succeeded by his deputy John Tabinaman as acting president while an election to fill the unexpired term was organised. Papua New Guinea has a backbone of treacherous mountains and unpredictable weather. In the past, headhunting and cannibalism occurred in many parts of what is now named Papua New Guinea. Almost completely straight, the boundary is formed primarily by the line … Australia pledges to grant Papua New Guinea generous aid in return, and the processing centre on PNG's Manus Island will be significantly expanded to hold up to 3,000 people. 1942 - Japanese forces occupy parts of both territories. In general, the winter in the island is quite pleasant - comfortable temperature, rains are rare. Many of these people have been doers, not recorders of facts, with the result that our knowledge of the territory's exploration has not kept pace with the exploration itself.'[6]. The 1 kina is circular in shape and it is holed in the middle. An exception is the record of the Akmana Gold Prospecting Company's Field Party which carried out two expeditions from September to December 1929 and from mid February to the end of June 1930. The written history began when European navigators first sighted New Guinea in the early part of the 17th century. 1906 - Control of British New Guinea transferred to the newly independent Commonwealth of Australia and renamed Territory of Papua. Read more Porgera is one of Papua New Guinea’s longest running goldmines. 2014 June - An arrest warrant is issued for Prime Minister Peter O'Neill after the national anti-corruption watchdog accuses him of authorising fraudulent payments by the government to a Port Moresby law firm. Former rebel leader Joseph Kabui and Gerard Sinato are nominated as co-leaders. 1997 February-March - Government hires mercenaries from Sandline International to support government troops in Bougainville, sparking an army mutiny and civil unrest. Today's staples – sweet potatoes and pigs – were later arrivals, but shellfish and fish have long been mainstays of coastal dwellers' diets. Following the passage of the Pap… Autumn in Papua New Guinea. 20 August 2017. In 1526–1527 the Portuguese explorer Jorge de Menezes accidentally came upon the principal island and is credited with naming it "Papua", after a Malay word for the frizzled quality of Melanesian people's hair. Papua New Guinea earthquake. New Guinea, island of the eastern Malay Archipelago, in the western Pacific Ocean, north of Australia. Relief. The maximum felt intensity was IX on the Mercalli intensity scale. Wabag developed slowly as a trading centre owing to restrictions on transportation and the relative infertility of the surrounding land. During the initial phase in early 1942, the Empire of Japan invaded the Australian-administered Mandated Territory of New Guinea (23 January) and the Australian Territory of Papua (21 July) and overran western New Guinea (beginning 29/30 March), which was a part of the Netherlands East … The autonomous Bougainville elected Joseph Kabui as president in 2005, who served until his death in 2008. Perhaps the biggest contributor to Papua New Guinea’s continuing poverty problem is the fact that so many government officials, in charge of funds that could help, have historically chosen to pocket the money instead. Michael Somare, prime minister of Papua New Guinea from 1975 to 2011, faced charges of political misconduct and misappropriation of funds spanning over 20 years, while in … The landscape is absolutely stunning - deep green jungles, waterfalls, prehistoric mountain ranges surrounded by the colourful reefs of the Pacific. Hela and Southern Highlands Provinces were the worst … About one-tenth larger than California, its mountainous interior has only recently been … The protectorate, called British New Guinea, was annexed outright on 4 September 1888. As of October 2017 new groups of people occasionally are still contacted. However, when Germany began settlements in the north a British protectorate was proclaimed in 1884 over the southern coast of New Guinea and its adjacent islands. 1942-43 - Allied victories in the battles of Milne Bay, along the Kokoda Trail and around Buna and Gona becomes the turning point of the Pacific War, forcing the Japanese to retreat. The rebellion began in early 1989, active hostilities ended with a truce in October 1997 and a permanent ceasefire was signed in April 1998. Papua New Guinea's Sir Michael Somare ends 50-year role, Inside the world's richest esports player's mansion. Retracing their steps to the Arrabundio they then headed out across another spur of the Central Mountain Range to the Junction of the Yuat River with the Jimmi and Baiyer Rivers, again without finding gold in sufficient quantity. Facing tropical disease, difficult terrain and well constructed Japanese defences, the allies only secured victory with heavy casualties.[12]. From the Torres Strait, the London Missionary Society sends evangelists to the New Guinean south coast. 1975 - Bougainville provincial government votes to secede from PNG. 1999 1 January - Bougainville Reconciliation Government replaces the Bougainville Transitional Government. [16] The House of Assembly of Papua and New Guinea replaced the Legislative Council in 1963, and after elections on 15 February, opened on 8 June 1964. Papua New Guinea earthquake: 7.5-magnitude quake hits island with reports of extensive damage 'There seem to be quite a few reports of the quake being felt strongly' From 2006, the coins have been minimized in size with the largest coin being demonetized in December of 2008. Before gaining independence from the occupiers in the year 1975, the state was divided into administrative regions called districts. Check most memorable events 3 May in Papua New Guinea. Wabag developed slowly as a Where it was the president who banned social media, The men vying to take Merkel's top job in Germany, BBC Worklife: The women running companies in 1870BC, Wikipedia at 20: The encyclopedia in five articles. What happened 3 May in Papua New Guinea. During the Pacific War, Papua was governed by an Australian military administration from Port Moresby, where General Douglas MacArthur occasionally made his headquarters. Papua New Guinea has recently concluded its ninth general election. 2013 January - PM Peter O'Neill bans ministers and other government officials from travelling overseas for work without his personal approval. The Japanese were driven back. Wabag, town on the island of New Guinea, north-central Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. Australian Sir Hubert Murray is appointed lieutenant-governor in 1908 and becomes the head administrator of Papua until his death in 1940. Current records at the Australian Museum show that Beazley's wig, described as "a cap composed of human hair from the headwaters of the U–at River, Central Mountains, Mandated Territory of NG", was lodged on 31 January 1930, presumably on his quick visit to Sydney after the first expedition. Papua and New Guinea Patrol Reports, 1922-1955. [1][2] They came probably by sea from Southeast Asia during an Ice Age period when the sea was lower and distances between islands shorter. 1100-900 BC - Second wave of migrants from south-east Asia. Following the surrender of the Japanese in 1945, civil administration of Papua as well as New Guinea was restored, and under the Papua New Guinea Provisional Administration Act, (1945–46), Papua and New Guinea were combined in an administrative union. This new Mandated Territory of New Guinea is governed totally separately from the Territory of Papua. As part of the current peace settlement, a referendum on independence is planned to be held in Bougainville sometime before mid-2020. [13] The offensives in Papua and New Guinea of 1943–44 were the single largest series of connected operations ever mounted by the Australian armed forces. The exploration of Papua–New Guinea has been a continuing process. The Akmana Gold Prospecting Field Party made contact with many peoples they called: grass country people, head hunters, pygmies, wig–men, Kanakas, Poomani. Sir Michael Somare becomes PM. Papua New Guinea - Papua New Guinea - Recovery in the 21st century: Sir Michael Somare joined the new National Alliance Party in 1997; he led it to victory in the July 2002 elections and formed a government in coalition with 20 other parties. Beazley also prospected the Arrabundio for gold and on his promising report to Freeman, Akmana Gold Prospecting Coy was floated in 1928. With the results in five constituencies yet to be declared, parliament met on Wednesday 2 August and the incumbent prime minister, Peter O’Neill, was re-elected to head a new coalition … 2000 November - Authorities say all 1,000 inhabitants of the Duke of York atoll will have to be relocated because the island is slowly sinking due to global warming. In 1545, he noted the resemblance of the people to those he had earlier seen along the Guinea coast of Africa. After one of the world’s most expensive elections, Peter O’Neill will lead PNG for a second term. 1964 June - A 64-member House of Assembly replaces Legislative Council and for the first time indigenous representatives are elected to the majority of seats in the legislature. Please cite this report as: Global Volcanism Program, 2020. What happens to your body in extreme heat? Native resentment against Chinese ownership of numerous small businesses and their commercial monopoly in the islands led to the rioting. These contacts were often with the help of Drybow/Dribu, a leader and spokesman of the wig–men, a most intelligent man of goodwill, with a quiet authority that brought forth friendly cooperation. However, his government lost a vote of confidence in 1980 and was replaced by a new cabinet headed by Sir Julius Chan as prime minister. Manam (Papua New Guinea) Minor explosive activity, continued thermal activity, and SO2 emissions, October 2019-March 2020. The bird life in Papua New Guinea provides the tribal elders with fancy feathered headdress and cloaks. Cleland remained in the position till his retirement in 1967, then remaining in Port Moresby until his death in 1975. A magnitude 7.2 earthquake has rattled the Pacific island nation of Papua New Guinea, cutting power and knocking items off shelves though there were no immediate reports of serious damage.. 1914 - Australian forces occupy German New Guinea during the First World War. The death of 19-year-old mother Jenelyn Kennedy in Port Moresby last month, the latest victim in a plague of violence, saw mass protests across the country calling for something to be done. The plantations were given to Australian war veterans and in 1921 the League of Nations gave Australia a trusteeship over New Guinea. Papua New Guinea stretches from just south of the Equator to the Torres Strait, which separates New Guinea from Cape York Peninsula to the south, the northernmost extension of Australia. On December 12, 2011, the Supreme Court ruled that Sir Michael Somare has been illegally removed from office and ordered the reinstatement of Prime Minister Somare. Population Pyramids: Papua New Guinea - 1955. [7] They journeyed on the "Banyandah", a cruiser of 12 metres (38 ft) from Madang up the coast to the mouth of the Sepik River, travelling along that river to Marienberg and Moim, then along the Karosameri River to the Karrawaddi River and on to the Arrabundio River and Yemas, after which it was necessary to transport their stores and equipment by pinnace, canoe and ultimately on foot to their Mountain Base on the upper Arrabundio River. Papua New Guinea’s magnificent and varied scenery reflects a generally recent geologic history in which movements of the Earth’s crust resulted in the collision of the northward-moving Australian Plate with the westward-moving Pacific Plate.The low-lying plains of southern New Guinea are geologically part of the Australian Plate. 1895 - Gold is found on the Mambare River. 2.Liberating New Guinea. Mainland Papua New Guinea reaches its maximum north-south expanse of some 510 miles (820 km) along its western border with Indonesian Papua. A plethora of political parties, coalition governments, shifting party loyalties and motions of no confidence in the leadership all lend an air of instability to political proceedings. In 1883, the Colony of Queensland tried to annex the southern half of eastern New Guinea, but the British government did not approve. The Act provided for a Legislative Council (established in 1951), a judicial organization, a public service, and a system of local government, with Sir Donald Cleland as administrator. Wabag, town on the island of New Guinea, north-central Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. Please cite this report as: Global Volcanism Program, 2020. 09 Aug 2017. A radio camp and airstrip were set up at Wabag in 1938–39. RONALD MAY | Australian Institute of International Affairs. Papua New Guinea’s election: what happened, what next? It was administered under this mandate until the Japanese invasion in December 1941 brought about the suspension of Australian civil administration. 2007 November - Cyclone Guba causes flooding which kills 163 and leaves more than 13,000 displaced in Oro and Milne provinces. 2016 November - Australia says refugees held in detention centres in Papua New Guinea and Nauru will be resettled in the United States in a "one-off deal". The 1977 national elections confirmed Michael Somare as Prime Minister at the head of a coalition led by the Pangu Party. The initial spark was a fight between ethnic Chinese and Papua New Guinean workers at a nickel factory under construction by a Chinese company. Elections in 1972 resulted in the formation of a ministry headed by Chief Minister Michael Somare, who pledged to lead the country to self-government and then to independence. 2008 June - Bougainville President Joseph Kabui dies. After bombing the Australian harbour of Darwin in 1942, the Japanese move their headquarters to Buna on the north coast of what is now Papua New Guinea and the headquarters of the Allies is set up in Port Moresby on the other side. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. 2016 July - Prime Minister Peter O'Neill survives no-confidence vote in parliament over corruption allegations following weeks of protests calling for his resignation. The probe will assess whether the centre's conditions meet human rights requirements under PNG's constitution. 1998 July - Three tsunamis - gigantic waves generated by earthquakes - hit the north-west coast obliterating villages and killing 3,000 people. 1873 - Methodist missionary George Brown opens a mission station on Duke of York Islands. The weather at this time is really unstable - if the sun shone in the morning, then for lunch can begin a heavy downpour with a hurricane wind. The three seats reserved for the BRA remain vacant. 1963 May - UN transfers control of West New Guinea to Indonesia. Shortly after the start of the Pacific War, the island of New Guinea was invaded by the Japanese. But with questions surrounding the vote and O’Neill now under threat of arrest, how successful was the poll? Education was in the hands of missionaries. 'We made a peaceful entry into this new country, establishing a reputation for fair trade and decent behaviour ... but gold was our interest and we had traced the rivers and tributaries as far as practicable where conditions and results justified the effort and found nothing worthwhile. Australia administered it separately under the Papua Act until it was invaded by the Empire of Japan in 1941, and civil administration suspended. Situated on the Lai River at an elevation of 6,000 feet (1,830 m), it was first visited by Europeans in 1934. Mr O'Neill challenges the warrant in multiple court cases. 2016 December - China agrees to spend nearly 4bn US dollars to build a giant industrial park in Papua New Guinea. The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. 2016 April - Government says it will close the Australian detention centre on Manus Island after the Supreme Court rules that detaining asylum seekers at the facility is unconstitutional. But a young broadcaster with the … Instead, they are sent to Nauru, or to Papua New Guinea’s Manus Island, for “offshore processing”, a bleak dysphemism because no genuine resettlement ever takes place. Papua New Guinea has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 5 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 23 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 325 earthquakes in the past 365 days; The largest earthquake in Papua New Guinea: today: 4.5 in Kokopo, East New Britain, Papua New Guinea. Climate of … 2015 January - Government denies reports that protests at an Australian immigration centre on Manus Island turned violent after 400 detainees reportedly went on hunger strike. Papua New Guinea has recently concluded its ninth general … The possession was placed under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1902. The protectorate, called British New Guinea, was annexed outright on 4 September 1888. Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, just north of Australia, and many outlying islands. 2009 December - China signs a deal to import liquified natural gas from Papua New Guinea. CANBERRA - Papua New Guinea has recently concluded its ninth general election. However, when Germany began settlements in the north a British protectorate was proclaimed in 1884 over the southern coast of New Guinea and its adjacent islands. A gold rush leads to hostilities between locals and miners. At least 15 women and children have been killed in a massacre in Papua New Guinea’s Hela province, in one of the worst outbreaks of tribal violence in the country for years. There was production of a double metallic 2 kina coin minted to substitute the 2 kina note. Australia's change of policy towards Papua New Guinea largely commenced with the invitation from the Australian Government to the World Bank to send a mission to the Territory to advise on measures to be taken towards its economic development and political preparation. After Governor-General Ogio recognized Sir Michael Somare as prime minister on December 13, 2011, the … During World War I, Papua New Guinea was occupied by Australia, which had begun administering British New Guinea, the southern part, as the re-named Papua in 1904. Following the passage of the Papua Act in 1905, British New Guinea became the Territory of Papua, and formal Australian administration began in 1906, although Papua remained under their control as a British possession until the independence of Papua New Guinea in 1975.[4]. 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